History of The JEDD
In 1993, Ohio passed legislation allowing local communities to create Joint Economic Development Districts (JEDD). A JEDD agreement permits townships, cities, and villages to cooperatively address diminishing local revenues and annexation issues, as well as to promote economic development. As a planning tool, a JEDD affords a local community the opportunity to promote economic development by providing local governments the ability to enter into legal agreements that increase revenues and create jobs. Although, the agreements vary widely between jurisdictions, they have been used as an economic development tool since legislation was first approved.
A JEDD is designed to create a benefit for both the township and the participating city or village. A city or village could extend infrastructure, such as sewer and water services into a township, thereby allowing the two communities to increase commercial development in the new district. The two communities would then share in the new income tax revenue from jobs created in the district. A township is otherwise prohibited from collecting income tax under Ohio Law. The JEDD provides the ability to increase revenues in the form of income taxes and increased property taxes on previously vacant land.
A JEDD serves as an important economic development tool that promotes local cooperation among townships, cities, and villages.